21 June 2017

Court Room 600 in Nuremberg (4,555 km)

(Nuremberg, 15.06.2017 - 16.06.2017) On 20 November, 1945 the Nuremberg Trial of 21 leading representatives of the Nazi regime began here in this building. In Court Room 600, which had been specially refurbished, the defendants had to answer for their crimes against peace and humanity before an international court. Twelve further trials were held here before US military tribunals between 1946 and 1949.

The Einsatzgruppen Trial was the ninth of these twelve trials. Otto Ohlendorf was the commanding officer of Einsatzgruppe D, which perpetrated mass murder in Moldova, South Ukraine, including Czernowitz, the Crimea, and, during 1942, the North Caucasus. He was convicted of and executed for war crimes committed during World War II in 1951. As for Czernowitz, the Adolf Eichmann Trial provides additional information on the atrocities committed in the city. Session 48 on 23 May, 1961, begins with the testimony from Perla Mark, the wife of Chief Rabbi Dr. Abraham Jakob Mark, who describes the burning of the main synagogue in Czernowitz and the murder of Jews including her husband.

It is like an irony of fate that both the Courthouse with Court Room 600 and the Old Jewish Cemetery of Nuremberg are located on the very same street, Bärenschanzstraße!

This was the eleventh stage of my this year's spring motorcycle ride to Romania; with the full dozen I'll be back home and make up a balance. I hope you enjoyed travelling by my side.

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